The art of making rugs is considered to be nomadic in some way. This claim originates from the fact that rugs were common among the ancient merchants. During the years that followed, rug making developed into a sophisticated art. The designs became more complex while the weaving itself became even more complicated. Perfecting the skills needed in the making of rugs took such a long time to perfect.
It is believed that during their control of the Iberian Peninsula in the southern parts of Europe, the Muslim Moors introduced rugs to the Europeans. This happened in the 8th century. Afterwards, Spain became a center of rug production in the 12th century.
The following is an insight into these rugs.
In the history of European rug weaving around the 17th and 18th century, the styles that were considered important were the French Aubusson and Savonnerie styles. In fact, in 1628, Pierre Dupont set up Savonnerie workshops in Paris. They were left under the supervision of Henry IV. At this time, the Savonnerie rugs were mostly woven under special orders for palaces. The artists in the royal courts gave the designs.
Savonnerie rugs became most popular in the period between 1650 and 1789. However, during the French revolution, rug production was interrupted. It was not until 1825 when the Savonnerie workshops resumed their operations but in a new location in Gobelins. The rug workshops in Aubusson, France, which were privately owned, started producing rugs in 1665 and they stopped around the 1870s.
Just like any craft or work of art, rug making also requires different types of tools. This is especially essential when it comes to the handmade rugs. Certain tools such as looms are essential among most weavers. Certain groups may also incorporate the use of hooks. Sometimes, you may find different workshops using the same set of tools but different versions of the same. Generally, the most common rug weaving tools include the vertical looms, horizontal looms, knives, combs, design plates, spindles, hooks, and scissors.
Rug Making in France
France was the most sophisticated center for rug making in Europe between the 17th and 18th century. The establishment of the Savonnerie workshops in 1628 gave rise to more naturalistic designs with floral patterns with military and other architectural motifs. These elaborate rugs were produced in plenty in the period between 1650 and 1789.
The French revolution in 1825 saw the closure of the Savonnerie workshops, which were later reopened in Gobelins but with the quality deteriorating. Later in 1742, Aubusson workshops were established in France. The name also denoted the rugs that were being woven in these workshops. At first, they imitated the Turkish designs but later fully adopted the Savonnerie style versions. The Savonnerie and Aubusson styles have now been imitated too by countries such as China, India, and Pakistan.
Attributes of a Perfect Rug
Rugs are a work of art and the evaluation of any rug depends on its classification. Some of the factors to consider include pattern, color, make, size, layout, category, weave, knot, foundation, age, condition, and style.
You can shop for a rug online or go to the rug stores to get a feel of the textures. For some of the most beautiful and treasured rugs, you may consider choosing the French rugs.